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"Face Painter" redirects here. For the EP, see. For the Seinfeld episode, see.

Body painting, or sometimes bodypainting, is a fashion form of. Unlike and other forms of body art, body painting is temporary, painted onto the human, and can last several hours or many weeks (in the case of or "henna tattoos" about two weeks). Body painting that is limited to the is known as. Body painting is also referred to as (a form of) "temporary tattoo"; large scale or full-body painting is more commonly referred to as body painting, while smaller or more detailed work can sometimes be referred to as temporary tattoos.

Contents

Indigenous[]

Indigenous body painting

Body painting with and other natural existed in most, if not all, cultures. Often worn during ceremonies, it still survives in this ancient form among the indigenous people of,, the and parts of. A semi-permanent form of body painting known as, using dyes made of (hence also known rather erroneously as "henna tattoo"), is practiced in, especially on. Since the late 1990s, Mehndi has become popular amongst young in the Western world.

Many of Central and South America paint, or designs with juice on their bodies. traditionally use,, or wet to decorate their faces and bodies. Huito is semi-permanent, and it generally takes weeks for this black dye to fade.

Western[]

Body-painted women in a protest against fur

Body painting is not always large pieces on fully nude bodies, but can involve smaller pieces on displayed areas of otherwise clothed bodies. There has been a revival of body painting in Western society since the 1960s, in part prompted by the liberalization of regarding and often comes in or forms. Even today there is a constant debate about the legitimacy of body painting as an art form. The current modern revival could be said to date back to the in Chicago when and his were arrested for causing a public disturbance when he body-painted her with his new make-up formulated for.Body art today evolves to the works more directed towards personal, as,,, or Javier Perez.

Body painting is sometimes used as a method of gaining attention in political protests, for instance those by against.

Body painting led to a minor alternative art movement in the 1950s and 1960s, which involved covering a model in paint and then having the model touch or roll on a canvas or other medium to transfer the paint. French artist is perhaps the most famous for this, with his series of paintings "Anthropometries". The effect produced by this technique creates an image-transfer from the model's body to the medium. This includes all the curves of the model's body (typically female) being reflected in the outline of the image. This technique was not necessarily monotone; multiple colors on different body parts sometimes produced interesting effects.

is a body paint artist whose work appeared for the tenth consecutive year in the 2008. She burst into prominence with an August 1992 cover of. Her was part of an episode of.

Festivals[]

Body painting festivals happen annually across the world, bringing together professional body painters and keen amateurs. Body painting can also be seen at some matches, at, and at certain. The is a week-long festival which originated in 1998 and which has been held in, since 2017. Participants attend from over fifty countries and the event has more than 20,000 visitors.

Body painting festivals that take place in North America include the North American Body Painting Championship, Face and Body Art International Convention in, Bodygras Body Painting Competition in and the Face Painting and Body Art Convention in.

Australia also has a number of body painting festivals, most notably the annual Australian Body Art Festival in and the Australian Body Art Awards.

In Italy, the (held every year during the Summer and Autumn, with a tour in the major Italian cities), is a different event focused on the artistic side of body painting, highlighting the emotional impact of the painted body in a live performance more than the decorative and technical aspects of it. This particular form of creative art is known as "Skin Art".

Fine art[]

The 1960s supermodel is a much appreciated muse for bodypaint artists. Images of her in the book Transfigurations by photographer have frequently been emulated. Other well-known works include 's books A Fleur de Peau and Diakonoff and 's Paint a licious. More recently Dutch art photographer has taken center stage with his combinations of body painting and narrative art ()

Following the already established trend in Western-Europe, body painting has become more widely accepted in the United States since the early 1990s. In 2006 the first gallery dedicated exclusively to fine art body painting was opened in New Orleans by World Bodypainting Festival Champion and Judge, Craig Tracy. The is on Royal Street in the. In 2009, a popular late night talk show Last Call with Carson Daly on NBC network, featured a New York-based artist Danny Setiawan who creates reproductions of masterpieces by famous artists such as,, and on human bodies aiming to make fine art appealing for his contemporaries who normally would not consider themselves as art enthusiasts.

Since 2005 the Australian visual artist has been creating photographs of painted naked human bodies that visually merge with a patterned background wall inspired by the wallpaper designs of. Hack is best known for the music video for the song, which uses animation body painting and has received over 800 million views on. Hack now creates her own canvas backgrounds and her work is often featured with live birds, representing nature. Hack's artworks are exhibited worldwide.

Body painting artwork from the series Sharks Are People Too! by Paul Roustan

Los Angeles artist,, is known for his work in body painting and photography which spans both the fine art and commercial worlds. His body painting has garnered numerous awards, including winner of the North American Body Paint Championships.

Trina Merry is a body painter known for camouflaging models into settings, backgrounds and, in her "Lust of Currency" series, famous paintings. Merry's collection was exhibited during Miami in 2017 and at the Superfine! New York art fair in May 2018.

Peruvian artist Cecilia Paredes blends into the background, from the series "Landscapes."

Peruvian artist is known for her style of painting her own body to camouflage herself against complex floral backgrounds and natural landscapes.

In the commercial arena[]

Many artists work professionally as body painters for television commercials, such as the Natrel Plus campaign featuring models camouflaged as trees. Stills advertising also used body painting with hundreds of body painting looks on the pages of the world's magazines every year. Body painters also work frequently in the film arena especially in science fiction with an increasing number of elaborate alien creations being body painted.

(nicknamed "syllie faces") is a commercial body paint artist who, as a two-time European champion and winner of various prizes, is frequently consulted by major companies and theme parks for their advertisements and designs. Other celebrated commercial artists are, and the Australian company "Human Statue Bodyart".

The, published annually, has frequently featured a section of models that were body painted, attired in renditions of swimsuits or sports jerseys. Also magazine has frequently made use of body painted models. In the 2005 Playmates at Play at the Playboy Mansion calendar, all appeared in the calendar wearing bikinis, but Playmates and actually appeared in painted-on bikinis for their respective months.

The success of body painting has led to many notable international competitions and a specific trade magazine (Illusion Magazine) for this industry, showcasing work around the world.

Face painting[]

Moche ceramic vessel at the in, depicting a man, possibly a warrior, with face painting

Face painting is the artistic application of cosmetic "paint" to a person's face. From ancient times, it has been used for,, and reasons (such as and to indicate membership in a military unit).

In some forms of, such as, the faces of the dancers are painted with a black in a tradition that goes back to the. In the 18th century face painting became popular with men and women of the aristocracy and the, but it died out in Western culture after the fall of the French aristocracy. During the 19th century theatrical makeup gained popularity when it was used by non-black performers to represent, typically in a minstrel show. Its use ended in the United States with the of the 1960s at about the same time that face painting re-entered the popular culture as part of the movement of the late 1960s, when it was common for young women to decorate their cheeks with flowers or at anti-war demonstrations.

and around the world have painted their faces—and sometimes bodies—for centuries, and continue to do so today. More subdued form of face paints for everyday occasions evolved into the we know today.

For several decades it has been a common entertainment at county, large open-air (especially in Europe and the Americas), and other locations that attract children and adolescents. Face painting is very popular among children at, parties and throughout the Western world. Though the majority of face painting is geared towards children, many teenagers and adults enjoy being painted for special events, such as sports events (to give support to their team or country) or charity fund raisers. Face painting is also a part of cosplay practice, and is enjoyed yearly by people who dress up as zombies to dance with the annual worldwide "Thrill the World" event on the Saturday before Halloween.

It is common to find if someone is dressed in an animal costume, a black nose will be added alone to give the impression of an animal face and not just body. Sometimes, a full face is added or sometimes none at all.

Most theme parks have booths scattered around where a person can have a design painted on their face. A similar activity is the application of "instant ", which are paint or ink-based designs that are put on as one unit and removed by means of water,,, or another mild. More elaborate may be made using stencils and airbrush equipment.

In the military[]

Main article:

It is common in armies all over the world for soldiers in combat to paint their faces and other exposed body parts (hands, for example) in natural colors such as green, tan, and for purposes. In various South American armies, it is a tradition to use face paint on parade in respect to the indigenous tribes.

Temporary tattoos[]

As well as paint, temporary tattoos can be used to decorate the body. "Glitter tattoos" are made by applying a clear, cosmetic-grade glue (either freehand or through a stencil) on the skin and then coating it with cosmetic-grade. They can last up to a week depending on the model's body chemistry.

Foil metallic temporary tattoos are a variation of decal-style temporary tattoos, printed using foil stamping technique instead of ink. On the front side, the foil design is printed as a mirror image in order to be viewed in the right direction once it is applied to the skin. Each metallic tattoo is protected by a transparent protective film.

Body paints[]

Fluorescent body paint will show up as bright and colourful under.

Modern water-based face and body paints are made according to stringent guidelines, meaning these are non-, usually non-, and can easily be washed away. Temporary staining may develop after use, but it will fade after normal washing. These are either applied with hands, paint brush, and synthetic sponges or natural, or alternatively with an.

Contrary to the popular perpetuated by the film, a person is not if their whole body is painted.

may also be used as body paint. Aside the risk of, wearing latex for a prolonged period may cause by inhibiting and care should be taken to avoid the painful removal of hair when the latex is pulled off.

The same precautions that apply to should be observed. If the skin shows any sign of from a paint, its use should immediately be ceased. Moreover, it should not be applied to, inflamed or sensitive skin. If possible, a test for allergic reaction should be performed before use. Special care should be paid to the list of ingredients, as certain dyes are not approved by the US for use around the eye area—generally those associated with certain reddish colorants, as CI 15850 or —or on lips, generally blue, purple or some greens containing. More stringent regulations are in place in California regarding the amount of permissible on cosmetic additives, as part of. In the European Union, all colorants listed under a number are allowed for use on all areas. Any paints or products which have not been formulated for use on the body should never be used for body or face painting, as these can result in serious allergic reactions.

As for, natural brown henna dyes are safe to use when mixed with ingredients such as lemon juice. However, a commonly marketed product called "black henna", is not safe to use because the product has been made by mixing natural henna with synthetic black dyes containing, which can cause serious skin, and should be avoided due to the substantial risk of serious injury. Another option is Jagua, a dark indigo plant-based dye that is safe to use on the skin and is approved for cosmetic use in the EU.

Body marbling[]

A hand by dipping into floating non-toxic paint

Main article:

Hands and faces can be marbled temporarily for events such as festivals, using a painting process similar to traditional, in which paint is floated on water and transferred to a person's skin. Unlike the traditional oil-based technique for paper, neon or ultraviolet reactive colours are typically used, and the paint is water-based and non-toxic.

Hand art[]

"Hand art" is the application of or paint to a hand to make it appear like an animal or other object. Some hand artists, like, produce images that are representations of wild animals painted on people's hands.

Hand artists work closely with. Hand models can be booked through specialist acting and modeling agencies usually advertising under "body part model" or "hands and feet models".

Body painting features in various media. The popular TV variety show,, featured bodies painted with comedic phrases and jokes during transitions., a 1996 film by, is centred on body painting. The 1990 film featured several examples of models who were painted to blend into elaborate backdrops as. is a body painting reality competition hosted by that premiered on on August 6, 2014.

See also[]

References[]

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  8. . Australian Body Art Awards. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
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  14. . Markets Insider (Press release). PR Newswire. 30 January 2018. 
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  19. Emma Chambers.. University College London. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  20. Mahar, William John (1999).. University of Illinois Press. p. 9.  . 
  21. Sweet, Frank W. (2000).. Boxes & Arrows. p. 25.  . 
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  23. Metin Tolan - Geschüttelt, nicht gerührt, Piper Verlag
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  29. Scott, Ellen (9 September 2016).. Metro

External links[]





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