Guitar Scale Lesson - How to Change Key of a Scale Shape



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How to Change Pentatonic Scale Shapes on Guitar

Two Methods:

The pentatonic scale is one of the most commonly used scales in modern music, especially for guitarists. Mixing well with pop, rock, blues, jazz, and country, you can play the pentatonic scale across the neck -- as long as you know where it is. Knowing multiple pentatonic scale shapes allows you to extend your playing up and down the fretboard, making you a better and more versatile player.

Steps

Knowing Your Pentatonic Shapes

  1. Reacquaint yourself with the basic major pentatonic scale.For the remainder of the lesson, this article uses the C-major pentatonic scale. The first form of the scale, started on the 8th fret, looks like this. Pay special attention to the root notes (each one is another C), in bold.
    • e|---------------------8-10------------|
      B|-----------------8-10----------------|
      G|--------------7-9--------------------|
      D|---------7-10------------------------|
      A|-----7-10----------------------------|
      E|-8-10--------------------------------|
  2. Get comfortable with a second position pentatonic scale.The following scale, again in C-major, has it's root on the 4th string. The root (C note) of this scale is actually the second root of the normal C-major pentatonic shown above -- so you can already see how they would be easy to switch back and forth from. Again, other root notes are bolded.
    • e|---------------------10-12-----------|
      B|-----------------10-13--------------|
      G|--------------9-12------------------|
      D|---------10-12----------------------|
      A|----10-12----------------------------|
      E|-10-12-------------------------------|
  3. Review the root notes in the scales above.Root notes are the notes that match your key and are the beginning of the scale. As such, they form great bridges between different scale shapes, and they are the "home base" you need to return to keep the song in key. Find as many root notes as you can -- they often lead to even more scale shapes.
    • Root notes always repeat every five notes in the scale. Pentatonic means "five tones," so each note repeats every five steps.
  4. Visualize the chords that fit over each pentatonic shape to help memorize them.Knowing how the chords lay over your scale can help you find notes, play rhythm guitar, and remember the scale shape. The two chord shapes for these scales are:
    • 1st position -- C-Major Barre Chord:Barre the eighth fret with your index finger. Your ring and pinkie go on the 5th and 4th strings, 2nd fret. Your middle finger is on the 3rd string, 9th fret.
    • 2nd position -- D-Major Shape C-Major Chord:Your index finger is on the 4th string, 10th fret. Middle finger on the 3rd string, 12th fret. Pinkie on the 2nd string, 13th fret, and your ring finger is on the 1st string, 12th fret. This resembles an open D-major chord.
  5. Know that these shapes can be moved into any key.You can start these chords and scales on any note on the 6th string to change the key. The tips above, and below, are not strictly limited to C-major. You could, for example, start on the 5th fret to put everything in A-major.

Changing Shapes on the Fly

  1. Use little five note "boxes" of notes to switch back and forth smoothly.This is perhaps easiest to see in an example. Here, you again use the root notes to set up a transition, but this technique quickly gets you ready to continue down the scale, moving your whole hand effectively by using a few notes, not just one, to transition. This five note box can be repeated anywhere in the scales. Start with your first finger on the 8th fret:
    • A|-----------10-12---------------------|
      E|-8-10/12----------------------------|
    • You can actually continue this same exact pattern further down the guitar, all the way to the bottom strings. This will actually reveal other pentatonic scale shapes.
  2. Work on cleanly descending the scale to move from the second position to the first.The same principle -- use the root notes, get used to the 5-note shifts -- apply when going up the scale, too. You can, and should, slidebackup from the 12th fret, 4th string, for example, to the 10th fret. Many guitarists neglect playing up the scale, but practicing the inverse of your transitions is essential.
    • Remember to try new slides as well -- practice to play the notes and sounds that you enjoy, since there are very few "wrong" answers in music.
  3. Jump down from shape to shape to muscle your way through transitions.This is a great way to put some intrigue and variety in your playing. While sliding from one scale to the other is slick, sometimes simply jumping up the scale to a higher, brighter version of the scale adds contrast and texture to your playing. For example, start with the low strings of the 1st form, then jump to the extra high strings of the 2nd form for a "twist" that pivots your solo to a new place.
    • Jumping across the board without odd pauses or missed notes takes a lot of practice, so don't expect to get it right off the bat.





Video: Changing Pentatonic Scale in Minor Keys - What Happens?

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Date: 18.12.2018, 15:45 / Views: 72333


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