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Russian transit visa with entry and exit stamps in a Swedish passport Entry stamp in the Russian federation

The visa policy of Russia deals with the requirements which a foreign national wishing to russian enter the must meet to obtain a, which is a permit to travel to, enter and remain in the country. Visa exemptions are based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. Russia has agreements with scores of countries whose citizens are either exempt from visa, or can purchase a visa online. Citizens of countries without such an agreement with Russia must obtain a visa in advance from a Russian or visa centre.

Contents

Visa exemption[]

  Russia

  The under visa policy of Russia

  Freedom of movement

  Visa waiver countries and territories

  Visa required for entry to Russia

Ordinary passports[]

Travelers who are nationals of the following 49 nations are not required to obtain a visa prior to visit Russia as long as their trip lasts no more than the visa waiver limit listed below.

From 2014, citizens of the countries, except Belarus, who have the right to a visa-free entry to Russia must not stay longer than 90 days within any 180-day period. Resetting the allowed period by leaving and re-entering the country is no longer allowed. Overstaying up to 180 days is punishable by a three-year entry ban, on 180–270 days by a five-year entry ban, over 270 days by ten-year entry ban.

Notes
  1. Internal passport/national identification card accepted.
  2. On 18 February 2017 the President of Russia has signed the decree "About Recognition of the Documents Issued to the Citizens of Ukraine and Persons Without Citizenship Living in Territories of Certain Districts of the Donetsk and Luhansk Regions of Ukraine". Holders of passports of   and   can carry out entry into the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation without execution of visas. The decree is applied temporarily, for the period before political settlement of a situation in certain districts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine on the basis of the.
  3. If holding a letter of guarantee/invitation and a tourist voucher.
Date of visa changes
  • Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Kazakhstani, Kyrgyzstani, Moldovan, Tajik, Ukrainian and Uzbekistani citizens have never needed a visa to gain access to Russia
  • 29 July 1994: Cuba
  • 24 March 2007: Thailand
  • 20 September 2008: Israel
  • 31 October 2008: Macedonia
  • 21 November 2008: Montenegro
  • 6 March 2009: Venezuela
  • 10 June 2009: Serbia
  • 29 June 2009: Argentina
  • 1 July 2009: Hong Kong
  • 7 June 2010: Brazil
  • 3 July 2010: Nicaragua
  • 18 January 2011: Chile
  • 11 Mar 2011: Colombia
  • 25 April 2011: South Ossetia
  • 26 April 2011: Abkhazia
  • 21 June 2011: Peru
  • 27 December 2011: Uruguay
  • 29 February 2012: Guatemala
  • 30 September 2012: Macao
  • 24 November 2012: Ecuador
  • 1 May 2013: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1 January 2014: South Korea
  • 29 July 2014: Fiji
  • 20 October 2014: Paraguay
  • 14 November 2014: Mongolia (resumed under different terms)
  • 8 February 2015: Panama
  • 14 May 2015: Nauru
  • 11 July 2015: Honduras
  • 27 November 2015: Guyana
  • 14 December 2015: Seychelles
  • 10 April 2016: Mauritius
  • 27 August 2016: El Salvador
  • 3 October 2016: Bolivia
  • 21 October 2016: Vanuatu
  • 30 March 2017: South Africa
  • 9 July 2017: Samoa
  • 21 November 2017: Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • 2 December 2017: Laos
  • 24 December 2017: Grenada
  • 8 January 2018: Brunei

Cancelled:
As the Soviet Union

As the Russian Federation

  • Estonia and Latvia: 12 May 1993
  • Vietnam: 20 February 1994
  • Lithuania: 19 April 1994
  • Mongolia: 5 May 1995 (was resumed in 2014)
  • North Korea: 22 May 1997
  • Turkmenistan: 17 July 1999
  • Slovenia: 1 December 1999
  • Georgia: 3 December 2000
  • Czech Republic: 29 May 2000
  • Slovakia: 1 January 2001
  • Hungary: 14 June 2001
  • Bulgaria: 7 May 2002
  • Poland: 1 October 2003
  • Cyprus: 1 January 2004
  • Romania: 1 March 2004
  • Croatia: 31 March 2013
  • Turkey: 1 Jan 2016

Fan ID[]

FAN ID

holders of tickets for matches of the championship could to enter Russia without a visa with personalized card of viewer (also known as the passport of a fan or fan-ID) and national passport from 4 June to 15 July 2018. Holders of Fan ID previously had to leave Russia no later than 26 July 2018. Russia extended its visa-free travel regime for foreign soccer fans until the end of 2018.

The Fan-ID system will be used for visitors to international events in the future.

Tour groups[]

Citizens of   may visit Russia without a visa for up to 15 days if traveling as part of a tour group (from 5 to 50 persons) that is accompanied by a representative of a tour operator registered in both countries.

Land border with Belarus[]

Citizens of third countries aren't allowed to cross the due to a lack of international border crossing points, because passports must be stamped. Visitors are advised to enter mainland Russia via other countries such as Latvia –Burachki and Ukraine –Novye Yurkovichi.

The simplified border crossing regime is applied from 4 June to 25 July 2018 for holders of a fan passports or FAN IDs of FIFA.

Common visa[]

Russia and Belarus plan to sign an agreement on recognition of visas. Holders of a visa of will be visa exempt in 2018.

Visa-free visits for up to 72 hours for cruise ship and ferry passengers[]

Since May 2009 international tourists entering by regular ferry via several ports have been able to stay in Russia visa-free for up to 72 hours, provided that they spend the night on-board or in accommodation specifically approved by the travel agency.

In addition tourists entering by tourist cruise ships can leave the ship visa-free on tours organized by any authorized local tour company, when entering Russia through the ports of,,,,,,, ( and ),,,.

Entry to the port of St. Petersburg by regular ferry can be done only from the ports of Tallinn (Estonia) or Helsinki (Finland). It is also possible to travel visa-free for 72 hours from the port of Stockholm with the stop in Helsinki.

Visa-free zones[]

  •   — Group travel to central and southern for pre-approved lists of the Foreign Ministry. Visits are carried out on the basis of identity cards and inserts.
    No visas for citizens of Japan who visit the burial place of relatives located in the and. By pre- authorized list in the regional Russian-Japanese consultations.
  •   — Residents of who are members of the indigenous population do not require a visa to visit if they have relatives (blood relatives, members of the same tribe, native people who have similar language and cultural heritage) in Chukotka. Individuals must be invited by a relative in Chukotka and must leave Chukotka within 90 days. Entry points are in,, and.

Local border traffic

  •   — 90 days within any 180-day period for holders of border traffic permit

Agreement on the abolition of the 180 day total period of stay was signed on 14 November 2017 but are not yet ratified.

The territory covered by the agreement. Latvia, town,,,,,,,,,,,, town,,,,,,,,,.,,,,.,,,,, town,,,,.,,,, town,,,,,.,,,,,,.,.,,,,, town,.,,, town. Russia
  • :, Pogranichnaya Volost, Krasnogorodskaya Volost, Partizanskaya Volost.
  • : Varyginskaya Volost, Makushinskaya Volost, Prigorodnaya Volost.
  • :, Berezhanskaya Volost, Gorayskaya Volost.
  • :, Kachanovskaya Volost, Rodonskaya Volost, Palkinskaya Volost, Novousitovskaya Volost, Vasilyevskaya Volost, Cherskaya Volost.
  • :, Lavrovskaya Volost, Kruppskaya Volost, Novoizborskaya Volost, Izborskaya Volost, Panikovskaya Volost.
  • :, Gavrovskaya Volost, Linovskaya Volost, Nosovskaya Volost, Skalinskaya Volost, Vyshgorodskaya Volost, Tulinskaya Volost, Utroinskaya Volost.
  • :,, Sebezhskaya Volost, Mostischenskaya Volost.
The territory covered by the agreement. Norway : municipality of, within a zone of 30 km from the border +. Russia : Korzunovo municipality, Zapolyarny municipality and the territory of Pechenga municipality and Nickel municipality within a zone of 30 km from the border.
  •   — 30 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within a 180-day period for holders of border traffic permit

The agreement was suspended indefinitely from 4 July 2016.

The territory covered by the agreement. Poland Towns:,,.,,,. Towns:,.,,,,,,,,,,. Russia

Crew members[]

Visa is not required for crew members of airlines, sea crew, river crew, rail crew that have a bilateral agreement with the Russian government exempting crew members from visa requirements.

Citizens of following countries may visit Russia without a visa if they are travelling as part of the airline crew:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

Agreements signed with, and and are yet to be ratified.

Russian Government has instructed the Foreign Ministry to sign an agreement with and.

Citizens of following countries may visit Russia without a visa if they are travelling as part of the sea crew:,,1,,,,,,,,1,,,,1.

1 - including riverboats crew

Citizens of following countries may visit Russia without a visa if they are travelling as part of the railway crew:,,.

E-visa to visit certain regions[]

From 8 August 2017, citizens of the following 18 countries can get e-visa to visit to regions in the. Eligible countries

  Russia

  The under visa policy of Russia

  Visa-free access

  Access to some regions with e-visa

Conditions for issuing:

  • e-visa is a single-entry visa and issued for 30 calendar days from the date of its issuance. The permitted stay in Russia with an e-visa is up to 8 days starting from the date of entry, within its validity period
  • e-visa validity and/or the permitted stay under it cannot be extended
  • an e-visa is free
  • invitations, hotel booking confirmations or any other documents that confirm the purpose of your journey to Russia are not required for an e-visa
  • the time period for issuing an e-visa is no longer than 4 calendar days from the date of submission of the complete application
  • e-visas can be of the following categories only: ordinary business visa (purpose of journey is business), ordinary tourist visa (purpose of journey is tourism), and ordinary humanitarian visa (purposes of journey are sports, cultural, scientific and technological ties)
  • foreign nationals will have the right to freedom of movement within the territory of the region near the point of entry with the exception of territories, organizations and facilities, to enter which a special permission is required in accordance with federal laws of the Russian Federation.
  • foreign citizens who have arrived to Russia with e-visas have the right to freedom of movement within the territory of the constituent entity of Russia which they entered, with the exception of territories, organizations and facilities, to enter which a special permission is required in accordance with federal laws of Russia.
  • foreign citizens should leave the territory of Russia only through checkpoints of the constituent entity of Russia which they entered
  • application form for an e-visa can be filled not earlier than 20 days and no later than 4 days before the intended date of entry into Russia
  • passport must be valid for at least 6 months from the date of application
  • foreign citizens are required to have a medical insurance
Regions

Eligible border crossing points of entry

Visa-free transit[]

Direct airside transit

Passengers travelling through international airports do not need a visa for a transit of less than 24 hours (except to/from countries of the Eurasian Custom Union, including Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan), provided a confirmed onward ticket is held and the traveller remains in the international transit area (without clearing passport control).

The following international Russian airports do not have international transit areas, meaning a transit visa is required to connect there:

Saimaa canal

In accordance with a treaty between Russia and, though there are passport controls at borders, a visa is not required for just passing through the Russian part of the without leaving the vessel.

Värska–Ulitina road

The road from to in, traditionally the only road to the Ulitina area, goes through Russian territory for one kilometre (0.6 mi) of its length, an area called. This road has no border control, but there is no connection to any other road in Russia. It is not permitted to stop or walk along the road. This area is a part of but is also a de facto part of the Schengen area.

Diplomatic and service category passports[]

  Russia

  The under visa policy of Russia

  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic and service category passports

  Visa-free for holders of diplomatic passports

Under reciprocal agreements, holders of diplomatic or various categories of service passports (official, service, special, consular) issued by the following countries and territories are allowed to enter and remain in Russia for up to 90 days (unless otherwise noted) without a visa:

- diplomatic passport only (diplomatic and service passports for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia)

D — diplomatic passports
S — service passports
O — official passports
Sp — special passports
C — consular passports

1 — Unlimited
2 – 3 months
3 – 90 days within any 180-day period
4 – 90 days within any one-year period
5 – 60 days
6 – 30 days
7 – 14 days
8 – not for tourism or transit, only for employees of official institutions of the country on the territory of Russia

Holders of diplomatic or service category passports of require a visa.

APEC Business Travel Card[]

Holders of passports issued by the following countries who possess an (ABTC) containing the "RUS" code on the reverse that it is valid for travel to Russia can enter visa-free for business trips for up to 90 days within any 180-day period.

ABTCs are issued to nationals of:

Closed cities[]

Several require special authorization.

Areas closed to foreigners[]

Due to the Government Decree of 1992, parts of 19 subjects of Russian Federation closed for foreigners without special permits. This restriction is not applicable for Russian citizens.

Part of them:

  • 1., all
  • 2. In - all Russian islands of, except, and 20-km strip along South coast of Gulf of Finland.
  • 3., 85% of territory. Transit to border with Georgia and to border with South Ossetia are possible along the main roads. is opened for foreigners from 2012.
  • 4. Part of, approx. 15%.
  • 5. Part of, approx. 10%.
  • 6. Part of, include, approx. 30%.
  • 7. Part of, approx. 15%. Transit to/from Norway is possible by main road.
  • 8. Part of.
  • 9. Part of.

As of 2014 the disputed territory of is under Russian control and Russia enforces its visa policy there. However, Ukraine requires that foreigners should comply with Ukrainian visa regime including obtaining a Ukrainian visa if one is necessary. Otherwise, Ukraine may impose sanctions for "support of the temporary occupation of the Ukrainian territory".

Future changes[]

The Russian Government has instructed the to sign an agreement on visa waiver with the following countries:

  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for all passports
  •   – 90 days within any year period for ordinary passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for all passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for all passports

Visa waiver agreements have already been signed with the following countries but are not yet ratified or applied:

  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for diplomatic and service passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for ordinary passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for all passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for diplomatic and service passports
  •   – 15 days for tourist groups
  •   – 30 days for all passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for diplomatic passports
  •   – 90 days within any 180-day period for all passports

Agreements[]

The Russian Federation has visa waiver agreements with 130 jurisdictions.
In the table, red indicates agreements signed but not ratified or temporarily not applied.

Valid bilateral and multilateral visa waiver agreements Country or territory Duration of stay by type of passport Date of signing Effective date Citation Diplomatic Service
Official
Special
Consular Ordinary   90 days 2 Oct 2009 26 Apr 2011   90 days 7 Apr 1993 6 Aug 1993   90 days within any 180-day period 19 Feb 2018   90 days 26 Feb 1999 16 Jun 2006   3 months 16 May 1994 27 Sep 1994 90 days within any 180-day period 11 Mar 2009
18 Mar 2009 29 Jun 2009   90 days 25 Sep 2000 25 Sep 2000   90 days 3 Jul 1997 4 May 1998   90 days within any 180 day-period 16 Dec 2015 26 Jun 2016   30 days 22 Sep 2016 12 Feb 2017   Unlimited 30 Nov 2000 7 Jun 2002   90 days 21 Jun 2001 20 Aug 2001   3 month 11 Apr 1995 28 Apr 1997 90 days within any 180-day period 12 Apr 2016 3 Oct 2016   90 days 30 days within any 60-day period 31 May 2013 20 Oct 2013   90 days 10 Feb 2005 11 Apr 2005   90 days 16 Apr 1991 16 May 1991 90 days within any 180-day period 26 Nov 2008 7 Jun 2010   14 days 7 Oct 2009
12 Oct 2009 11 Nov 2009 14 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180-day period 8 Nov 2017 8 Jan 2018   90 days within any 180-day period 5 Mar 2002 7 May 2002   90 days 2 Mar 2000 2 Mar 2000   90 days within any 180-day period 6 Feb 2018 30 June 2018   90 days 14 Jul 1995 14 Sep 1995   90 days 17 Mar 1988 28 May 1988   3 months 14 Feb 1995 1 Oct 1996 3 months 4 Oct 2002 12 Feb 2004 90 days within any 180-day period 24 Sep 2010 18 Jan 2011   30 days 22 Mar 2013 26 Apr 2014 15 days for tourist groups 29 Feb 2000 9 Nov 2000   90 days 26 Nov 1997 28 Mar 1998 90 days within any 180-day period 24 Sep 2010 11 Mar 2011   90 days 18 Dec 2014 1 Jan 2016   3 month 16 Oct 1997 30 Apr 1998 90 days within any 180-day period 3 May 2018
28 May 2018   90 days within any 6-month period 2 Mar 2010 31 Mar 2013   30 days 3 Dec 1993 29 Jul 1994 90 days within any 180 day period 22 May 2018   90 days within any half-year period 8 Jun 2005 20 May 2006   90 days within any 180-day period 27 May 2008 1 Oct 2009   90 days 9 Sep 2009 9 Apr 2010   90 days within any year period 18 Feb 1999 15 May 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 24 Sep 2010 24 Nov 2012   90 days 17 Jul 2003 17 Jul 2003   90 days 25 Jan 1999
29 Jan 1999 30 Mar 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 26 Mar 2015 27 Aug 2016   90 days within any 180-day period 7 Apr 2017   90 days 11 Dec 2002 11 Jan 2003 European Union (excluding Denmark, Ireland
and United Kingdom) 90 days within any 180-day period 25 May 2006 1 Jun 2007;
for from
1 Jul 2013   90 days 28 Jun 2013 29 Jul 2014   90 days 5 Apr 2011 25 Sep 2011   90 days 4 May 2017 15 Aug 2018   90 days within any 180-day period 20 Sep 2017 24 Dec 2017   3 months 24 May 1999 24 Jul 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 22 Sep 2011 29 Feb 2012   90 days 7 Jan 1998 8 Mar 1998   90 days 3 Nov 2005 12 Feb 2006 90 days 7 Jun 2017
24 Jul 2017 17 Nov 2017 90 days within any 180-day period 27 Sep 2015 27 Nov 2015   90 days 21 Sep 1999 20 Nov 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 26 Sep 2014 11 Jul 2015   14 days 23 Apr 2009 1 Jul 2009   90 days 14 Jun 2001 14 Jun 2001   90 days within any 180-day period 24 Sep 2008 1 Mar 2010   90 days 3 Dec 2004 15 Feb 2005   14 days 1 Dec 2006 22 Mar 2008   30 days 29 Mar 1993 28 Apr 1993 15 days for tourist groups 28 Mar 2017   90 days within any 180-day period 20 Mar 2008 20 Sep 2008   90 days 23 Jun 2000 1 Sep 2000   90 days within any 180-day period 11 Sep 2017 25 Jan 2018   90 days 30 Nov 2000 7 Jun 2002   90 days within any 180-day period 10 Nov 2015 10 Apr 2016   90 days 30 Nov 2000 7 Jun 2002   30 days 29 Nov 2004 30 Dec 2004 30 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180-day period 8 Sep 2016 2 Dec 2017   90 days within any 180-day period 12 Nov 2013 1 Apr 2015   30 days 19 Jun 2012 30 Sep 2012   90 days 30 days 19 Jun 2008 31 Oct 2008   90 days 27 May 2009 27 May 2009   60 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180-day period 23 Dec 2015 10 Apr 2016   90 days 28 Jan 1997 5 Jul 1997   30 days 21 Sep 2017   90 days 30 Nov 2000 30 Nov 2000   30 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180-day period 3 Sep 2014 14 Nov 2014   90 days 30 days 24 Sep 2008 21 Nov 2008   90 days 15 Oct 2002 15 Oct 2002   30 days 30 Dec 2009 30 May 2010   90 days 3 Jul 2000 3 Aug 2000   14 days 24 Sep 2014 14 May 2015     90 days 16 Apr 2002 16 May 2002   90 days 28 Nov 1997 13 Jan 1998 90 days within any 180-day period 28 Jul 2009 3 Jul 2010   90 days 24 Jan 1997 22 May 1997   90 days within any 180-day period 8 Jun 2007 1 Dec 2008   90 days 3 Feb 2016 27 Oct 2016   90 days 4 Jun 1994 4 Jul 1994   90 days 16 Jun 1995
22 Jun 1995 20 Aug 1995 90 days within any 180-day period 3 Dec 2014
9 Dec 2014 8 Feb 2015   3 months 20 Nov 1995 2 Feb 1997 90 days within any 180-day period 25 Sep 2013 20 Oct 2014 [266]   90 days 14 Jul 1999 19 Nov 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 13 Nov 2010 21 Jun 2011   90 days 3 Aug 2007 22 Dec 2008   90 days 18 Sep 2003 1 Oct 2003   90 days 18 Jan 2016 14 Aug 2016   90 days 26 Aug 2002 1 Mar 2004   90 days within any 180-day period 21 Sep 2017 21 Nov 2017   60 days 4 Apr 2017 9 July 2017   90 days 2 Jul 2015 6 Feb 2017   90 days 30 days 20 Feb 2009 10 Jun 2009   30 days 2 Sep 2015 14 Dec 2015   90 days 17 Nov 2015 2 Jan 2016   90 days 29 Dec 2000 29 Dec 2000   90 days 5 Aug 2010 15 Dec 2010 90 days 24 Jan 2017
27 Feb 2017 30 Mar 2017   90 days 21 Sep 2004 21 Nov 2004 90 days 17 Oct 2006 31 Dec 2006 60 days, for a maximum total stay of 90 days within any 180-day period 13 Nov 2013 1 Jan 2014   Unlimited;
90 days until 30 Jul 2015 1 Feb 2010 25 Apr 2011   30 days 13 Aug 2015 24 Oct 2015   90 days within any 180-day period 24 Nov 2017   90 days 20 Mar 2008 2 Jul 2008    90 days within any 180-day period 21 Sep 2009 1 Feb 2011   90 days 30 Nov 2000 7 Jun 2002   90 days 17 Oct 2002 6 Mar 2003 30 days 13 Dec 2005 24 Mar 2007   90 days within any 180-day period 28 Jun 2012 13 Feb 2013   90 days 5 Nov 1999 6 Jan 2000 30 days (temporarily not applied from 15 Apr 2016) 12 May 2010 16 Apr 2011 30 days (temporarily not applied from 1 Jan 2016)   30 days 17 Jul 1999 17 Jul 1999   90 days 16 Jan 1997 10 Mar 1997   90 days 27 Jun 2010 31 Mar 2013 90 days within any 180-day period 6 July 2018   3 months 13 Jul 1999 3 Oct 1999 90 days within any 180-day period 26 Sep 2011 27 Dec 2011   90 days 30 Nov 2000 24 Nov 2009   90 days 20 Sep 2016 21 Oct 2016    90 days within any 180-day period 22 Aug 2017 29 Dec 2017   90 days 28 Jun 1993 1 Nov 1993 90 days within any 180-day period 26 Nov 2008 6 Mar 2009   90 days 28 Oct 1993 20 Feb 1994   90 days 23 Jan 1991
31 Jan 1991 31 Jan 1991 Notes:
  1. Agreement include the item "Total period of permitted stay in the territory of the state for a certain period of time is set in accordance with the laws of the state." From 2014, it is 90 days within any 180-day period.
  2. Agreement concluded through an exchange of diplomatic notes.
  3. Agreement between Russia and EU. Article 14 "...the provisions <of the agreement> shall prevail over the provisions of any bilateral or multilateral agreements or arrangements between the Russian Federation and the Member States...
  4. Only for group tourism (from 5 to 50 persons) organized by accredited travel agencies in both countries.
Unilateral visa waiver concessions Country Type of passport Duration of stay Date of signing Effective date Citation   90 days within any 180-day period 17 Jun 2008 17 Jun 2008   90 days within any 180-day period   Diplomatic passport 90 days within any 180-day period 3 Sep 2017 3 Sep 2017

Russia has concluded agreements that facilitate procedures for issuing visas to both Russian citizens and citizens of the partner jurisdiction on a reciprocal basis. Such agreements are in force with the following countries or political associations:

Visa facilitation agreements Country Entry into force   2002   2013   2006   2014   2009   2011  
(excluding Denmark,
Ireland and United Kingdom) 2007   2005   2004   2010   2011, 2015, 2016   1990   1996, 2016   2002, 2016   2005   2013, 2017   1995 2013   2015   2003   2012 2017   2003 2012   2004   1996   1992, 2002, 2010   1990, 2015    2011   1999   1989   2012, 2013   1994, 2005   1988

Russia has agreements on cancellation of consular fees, for execution of visas, with the following countries: (1965), (15 Apr 1985), (26 Sep 1983), (15 Feb 1966), (1 Apr 1965), (1967), (1 Apr 1962).
Agreements were denounced in 2017–2018 with Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Visa waiver agreements which ceased to apply Canceled agreements Country or territory Duration of stay by type of passport Date of signing Effective date Cancellation date Citation Diplomatic Service category Ordinary   90 days 90 days with an invitation
30 days with a voucher 24 Sep 2007 1 May 2008 20 Oct 2013   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For a private trips with an invitation
Transit without a visa 2 Nov 1978 6 Jul 1979 7 May 2002 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For a private trip with an invitation up to 90 days 3 Nov 1969 24 Jan 1970 6 Jul 1979 About private trips 20 May 1965 1 Jun 1965 24 Jan 1970 no text Commonwealth of Independent States (excluding Azerbaijan and Ukraine) Unlimited 9 Oct 1992 9 Oct 1992;
for  
1 Aug 1995 3 Dec 2000;
for  
19 Jun 1999   30 days 29 Feb 2000 25 May 2001 25 Apr 2014 Yes
Including passport for public affairs 29 Dec 1993 29 Jan 1994 25 May 2001 Yes (on duty)
Including passport for public affairs 15 Jul 1988 14 Aug 1988 29 Jan 1994 Yes 13 Jun 1985 13 Jul 1985 14 Aug 1988   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For a private trip with an invitation 10 Jan 1985 29 Jul 1994 For tourism trips 7 Jul 1981
24 Sep 1981 24 Sep 1981 1985   During a term of official trips 90 days 27 Dec 1994 15 Jun 1995 1 Jan 2004   During a term of official trips
30 days for all passports 7 Dec 1994 3 Sep 1995 29 May 2000   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation
Transit without a visa 17 Dec 1981 30 May 1982 for  
28 Sep 1995;
for  
7 Aug 1994 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days
Transit without a visa 16 Sep 1969 16 Sep 1969 30 May 1982 90 days with an invitation 17 Sep 1965 17 Sep 1965 15 Sep 1969 18 Dec 1962 17 Sep 1965   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation
Transit without a visa 6 Apr 1979 30 Aug 1979 3 Oct 1990 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days
Transit without a visa 28 Nov 1969 12 Jan 1970 30 Aug 1979   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For a private trips with an invitation
Transit without a visa 24 Nov 1978 14 Jun 2001 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days 4 Mar 1969 11 Jun 1969   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation 22 Jan 1986 17 Sep 1986 22 May 1997   Yes 20 Dec 1984 30 Dec 2004   30 days for the 24 Feb 1995 25 Jun 1995 1 Jan 2003   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation 20 December 1979 5 May 1995 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days 26 Jan 1971 23 May 1971   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation
Transit without a visa 13 Dec 1979 22 May 1980 1 Oct 2003 During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days 5 Feb 1970 12 May 1970 22 May 1980   Yes 11 Mar 1991 24 October 1991 1 Mar 2004 During an office mission
For tourism trips with tourist documents
For private trips with an invitation up to 45 days 30 Jun 1969 1 Jan 1970 24 October 1991 Without visas on office affairs
For a private trips with an invitation up to 45 days within year
Transit on private affairs without visa 4 Mar 1966 23 Jun 1966 1 Jan 1970 About trips for a visit to close relatives 1963 23 Jun 1966 no text About visa-free trips of citizens on diplomatic, service, all-civil passports and collective certificates 1956 23 Jun 1966 no text   30 days for all passports
During a term of official trips 13 Feb 1995 25 Aug 1995 1 Jan 2001 1 Jun 1994 7 Aug 1994 25 Aug 1995 no text   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with tourist documents
Visa free transit for tourism and official purposes 15 Jul 1981 14 Aug 1982 20 Feb 1994 no text   During a term of official trips
For tourism trips with a voucher
For private trips with an invitation up to 90 days 31 Oct 1989 26 Apr 1990 for  
31 Mar 2013;
for  
1 May 2008;
for  
31 Oct 2008;
for  
21 Nov 2008;
for  
1 Dec 1999;
for  
10 Jun 2009 For tourism trips with a voucher 3 June 1967
27 Nov 1967 27 Dec 1967 26 Apr 1990 Yes Yes
On duty 26 Oct 1965 25 Jan 1966

The Russian is a, which is placed in the holder’s. All fields are indicated in both Russian and English, but are filled out only in Russian. The holder’s name appears in both the and alphabets.

The name that appears in the machine-readable zone at the bottom of the visa represents the holder’s Cyrillic name mapped into the Roman alphabet. This allows Russian computer systems to read the Cyrillic name, despite the machine readers only being able to read Roman alphabet letters. As a result, the spelling of a name in the machine-readable zone does not necessarily reflect its spelling in the visa’s name field. For example, the name “Christoph” would appear in the field as “Kpиcтoф/Christoph”, but the MRZ would contain the name “Kristof”.

Contrary to guidelines for machine-readable documents, the issuing country’s ISO code (RUS) is not shown at positions 3-5 (i.e. V<RUS). Instead, the first line is formatted as: VSURNAME<<GIVEN<NAMES.

While not necessarily printed on the visa (depending on the embassy), a photo is required in the visa application. The visa application form may be filled online and submitted to the diplomatic mission.

Types of visa[]

Depending on the purpose of entry into the Russian Federation and the purposes of stay, visas are categorized as:

  • Private
  • Business
  • Tourist
  • Educational
  • Working
  • Humanitarian
  • Entry (for receiving shelter or to obtain citizenship in Russia)
Diplomatic visa

A diplomatic visa shall be issued to a foreign citizen holding a diplomatic passport.
A diplomatic visa is issued:

  • to foreign heads of state, foreign heads of government, members of the foreign official delegations, family members of such persons traveling with them or accompanying them - for a period of up to one year.
  • to diplomatic agents of diplomatic missions and consular officials of consular establishments, the staff of representations of the international organizations in the Russian Federation which have the diplomatic status in the Russian Federation, to family members of specified persons for a period of up to one year.
  • to foreign diplomatic and consular couriers for the term of business trip.
  • to officials of the foreign states who have the official status in the Russian Federation have the right to a diplomatic visa and who come for a working visit to diplomatic missions or consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation or to the international organizations or their representations in the Russian Federation, for a period of up to one year.
Service visa

A service visa is issued to the foreign citizen having service (consular, official, special) passport.
A service visa is issued:

  • to members of foreign official delegations, family members of such persons traveling with them or accompanying them - for a period of up to one year.
  • to administrative and technical and service personnel of diplomatic missions, consular employees and service personnel of consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation, representations of the international organizations in the Russian Federation and to family members of such persons for a period of up to one year.
  • to military personnel of armed forces of the foreign states and family members of such persons for a period of up to one year. Extension of term of stay in the Russian Federation by issuance of the multiple entry visa for a period of validity of the foreign trade contract registered in accordance with the established procedure, but no more than for five years is allowed to the military personnel of armed forces of the foreign states driving to the Russian Federation for implementation of international treaties of the Russian Federation and (or) decisions of public authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of military and technical cooperation, and family members of such persons.
  • to foreign state officials who have the official status in the Russian Federation have the right to be issued a service visa and those who travel for a working visit to diplomatic missions or consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation or in the international organizations or their representations in the Russian Federation, for a period of up to one year.
Ordinary visa

Depending on the purpose of entry of the foreign citizen into the Russian Federation and the purpose of his stay in the Russian Federation ordinary visas are subdivided on private, business, tourist, educational, working, humanitarian and entry visas to the Russian Federation for temporary residence or citizenship ceremony:

  1. An ordinary private visa is issued for a period of up to three months or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to Russia for a short visit on the basis of an invitation letter.
  2. An ordinary business visa is issued for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to Russia for a business trip.
  3. An ordinary tourist visa is issued for a period of up to one month or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to six months to foreign citizens traveling to Russia as tourists, if holding an invitation letter by a Russian tour operator. Invitations can be issued by many hotels on request (sometimes for a fee) or through various online services associated with Russian tour operators.
    An ordinary tourist group visa is issued for a period of up to one month to foreign citizens traveling to Russia as a tourist in an organized tourist group (not less than five people), of holding a confirmation by an organization in the unified federal register of tour operators.
  4. An ordinary student visa is issued for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to Russia for training in the educational institution.
  5. An ordinary work visa is issued to foreign citizens visiting Russia for work purposes for a period of validity of the employment contract or civil contract for performance of work (rendering services), but no more than for one year.
  6. An ordinary humanitarian visa is issued for a period of up to one year or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to five years to foreign citizens visiting Russia for a scientific, cultural, political or a sport visit, religious communication and contacts, pilgrimage, charity, delivery of humanitarian aid.
  7. An ordinary entry visa to Russia for receiving a shelter is issued to foreign citizens for a period of up to three months if holding a decision of the federal executive authority authorized on implementation of functions on control and supervision in the sphere of migration on recognition of this foreign citizen as a refugee on the territory of Russia.
  8. An ordinary entry visa to Russia to obtain citizenship of the Russian Federation is issued to foreign citizens for a period of up to one year if holding a decision on recognition of such foreign citizen as a native speaker of Russian.
  9. An ordinary entry visa to Russia to obtain permission for temporary resident is issued to foreign citizens for a period of up to four months.
Transit visa

A Transit visa is issued for a period of up to ten days to the foreign citizen for transit through the territory of Russia.

Visa of temporary living person

A visa of temporarily living person is issued for four months to the foreign citizen to whom entry into Russia is allowed for temporary residence, within a quota of delivery of permissions to temporary residence.

Applying for visa[]

All types of Russian entry visas are received through Russian embassies and consulates. Provided all the documents are ready, the process usually takes no more than 3-10 workdays for Russian travel visa.

Russian Tourist Visa requirements:

  • Original passport
  • One photo (colour, passport size photo)
  • Tourist invitation
  • Russian Consulate Application Form

The Russian Consulate requires the visa application form to be printed on A4 paper with right and bottom margins of 5mm. A failure to meet these requirements invalidates the form.

Exit[]

Russia requires that an alien who needs a visa on entry be in possession of a valid visa upon exit. To satisfy this formal requirement, exit visas sometimes need to be issued. Russia requires an exit visa if a visitor stays well past the expiration date of their visa. They must then extend their visa or apply for an exit visa and are not allowed to leave the country until they show a valid visa or have a permissible excuse for overstaying their visa (e.g., a note from a doctor or a hospital explaining an illness, missed flight, lost or stolen visa). In some cases, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can issue a Return-Home certificate that is valid for ten days from the embassy of the visitor's native country, thus eliminating the need for an exit visa.

A foreign citizen granted a temporary residence permit in Russia needs a temporary resident visa to take a trip abroad (valid for both exit and return). It is also colloquially called an exit visa.

Costs for visa[]

Some Russian embassies and consulates, but not all, require visa applications to be submitted in person to visa processing centres instead of directly to the consular section. Costs differ per administration center.

Fingerprinting[]

From January 2015 visa applicants from the,, and will be obliged to provide fingerprint scans. After a trial period it will be decided whether to expand this to other countries as well.

Russia plans to require, from 1 July 2019, fingerprinting and photographing of all foreign citizens entering the Russian Federation without a visa and staying for more than 30 days.

Statistics[]

Visitor statistics

According to the and the, most visitors arriving to Russia were from the following countries of nationality:

Nationality Total (includes all types of purposes of visits) 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010   Increase 9,817,008 Decrease 9,737,405 Increase 10,314,757 Increase 9,842,990 Increase 7,080,991 Increase 6,502,543 Increase 6,072,775 4,198,030   Decrease 4,137,613 Decrease 4,686,059 Increase 5,180,246 Increase 4,215,161 Increase 3,848,899 Increase 3,630,342 Increase 3,049,406 2,747,358   Increase 2,350,007 Decrease 2,116,480 Decrease 2,163,256 Decrease 2,353,140 Increase 2,967444 Increase 2,677,322 Increase 2,086,359 1,584,086   Increase 1,780,200 Increase 1,565,524 Increase 1,353,051 Increase 1,125,098 Increase 1,071,515 Increase 978,988 Increase 845,588 747,640   Increase 1,350,356 Increase 1,293,270 Decrease 1,200,972 Decrease 1,202,260 Increase 1,348,868 Increase 1,134,150 Increase 955,455 830,160   Decrease 1,143,243 Increase 1,156,703 Increase 1,071,324 Decrease 1,021,204 Increase 1,196,759 Increase 1,116,238 Increase 1,045,525 979,778   Decrease 1,063,348 Decrease 1,376,646 Increase 1,476,412 Increase 1,446,169 Increase 1,388,036 Increase 1,375,614 Increase 1,211,520 1,012,621   Increase 857,212 Decrease 833,577 Increase 850,137 Decrease 794,098 Increase 882,864 Increase 700,332 Increase 550,349 459,040   Increase 836,946 Decrease 792,042 Increase 842,396 Decrease 725,664 Increase 763,418 Increase 623,970 Increase 592,960 552,909   Increase 803,916 Decrease 699,112 Decrease 770,965 Decrease 923,625 Increase 1,374,690 Increase 1,194,291 Increase 1,073,637 988,084   Decrease 765,544 Decrease 1,056,013 Decrease 1,766,612 Increase 1,823,143 Increase 1,644,657 Increase 1,190,003 Increase 704,610 394,872   Increase 629,082 Increase 613,370 Decrease 595,200 Decrease 635,153 Increase 686,557 Increase 671,676 Increase 629,391 611,367   Increase 436,368 Decrease 415,606 Increase 422,130 Increase 362,811 Increase 293,429 Increase 273,964 Increase 202,440 52,289   Decrease 432,803 Increase 433,926 Increase 382,031 Decrease 363,942 Decrease 430,164 Decrease 494,282 Increase 519,402 474,949   Decrease 416,293 Increase 542,196 Increase 505,429 Decrease 225,972 Decrease 226,673 Increase 365,236 Increase 212,117 157,367   Increase 382,022 Decrease 320,372 Decrease 424,531 Increase 495,999 Increase 418,207 Increase 372,942 Increase 267,233 259,191   Decrease 330,266 Increase 360,603 Decrease 348,338 Decrease 374,701 Decrease 391,304 Decrease 461,162 Increase 571,374 569,300 Stateless persons Decrease 318,393 Decrease 321,383 Decrease 326,841 Decrease 349,400 Decrease 463,640 Decrease 523,333 Decrease 618,705 679,757   Increase 293,011 Increase 248,990 Decrease 242,104 Decrease 257,070 Increase 305,954 286,551 Increase 275,239 262,060   Increase 276,560 Increase 181,024 Increase 153,189 Increase 135,676 Increase 107,942 Increase 94,922 Increase 91,335 90,622   Decrease 256,009 Increase 281,168 Decrease 270,600 Decrease 487,206 Decrease 539,308 Decrease 553,896 Decrease 622,740 760,728   Increase 211,673 Increase 201,260 Decrease 191,643 Decrease 219,210 Increase 225,860 Increase 225,343 Increase 213,473 194,248   Decrease 206,860 Increase 208,689 Decrease 204,710 Decrease 219,976 Increase 225,933 Increase 212,411 207,476 198,002   Increase 193,522 Decrease 190,278 Decrease 190,775 Decrease 228,346 Increase 259,676 Increase 231,670 Increase 221,418 212,847   Increase 185,426 Increase 182,438 Increase 165,003 Increase 152,853 Increase 136,827 Increase 123,974 Increase 114,380 100,291   Increase 181,285 Decrease 120,035 Decrease 323,039 Decrease 361,416 Increase 385,147 Increase 305,429 Increase 249,109 196,704   Increase 172,278 Decrease 160,734 Increase 163,010 Increase 162,990 Increase 149,213 Increase 130,541 Increase 99,405 81,385   Increase 137,427 Decrease 115,382 Increase 125,444 Increase 117,283 Increase 94,159 Increase 73,863 Increase 47,739 33,409   Increase 130,400 Increase 108,498 Increase 95,527 Decrease 94,259 Increase 95,542 Increase 80,127 Increase 60,191 53,364   Increase 118,642 Increase 116,032 Increase 110,247 Decrease 100,206 Increase 109,089 Decrease 101,536 Increase 129,730 110,601   Increase 117,204 Decrease 65,378 Increase 69,095 Increase 58,264 Increase 48,440 Increase 35,511 Increase 30,415 24,568   Increase





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